In the United States the characteristic salutation is "Hello."
The Arabs say on meeting, "A fine morning to you!"
The Turks say, with gravity, "God grant you His blessing."
The Persian greeting is familiar to all by reason of its quaintness: "May your shadow never grow less!"
The Egyptian is a practical man. He has to earn his taxes by toil under a burning sun.
Accordingly he asks: "How do you perspire?"
The Chinese loves his dinner. Hence he asks, "How are you digesting?"
The Greeks, who are keen men of business, ask one another, "How are you getting on?"
The national salutation of Naples was formerly, "Grow in grace!" At present, in most parts of Italy, a phrase equivalent to "How are you?" is used.
The Spaniards say, "How are you passing it?"
The French, "How do you carry yourself?"
The Germans, "How goes it?"
The Dutch: "How do you travel?"
The Swedes, "How can you?" this meaning, "Are you in good vigor?"
The Russians, "Be well!"
The English-speaking nations, in addition to the telephonic, "Hello!" say "How are you?" and "How do you do?"
The bow as a mark of respect is a custom used by nearly all nations.
In the Bible we read how some saluted Jesus: "And the soldiers. . . . platted a crown of thorns and put it about his head and began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!" And, following the salute, they smote him on the head with a reed, and "did spit upon him." (Mark 15:17-19).