The word is derived from the Anglo-Saxon 'Eastre'—the name of a Norse goddess whose festival was celebrated at the time of the vernal equinox. It marked the dawn of a new year, the end of the reign of winter and the advent of increasing light and heat. The festival was celebrated by Easter games, and special cakes were baked, of which representatives still exist in 'hot cross buns'.
The original derivation of the name is from the Greek ‘Eos', the East, and it is also etymologically connected with the Latin `Aurora', dawn. At first, Easter synchronized with the Jewish Passover. The word occurs only once in the Bible, and there it is an erroneous translation, for the Greek word is `Pascha', and the Revised Version and most other modern translations render it 'Passover'.
(Acts 12. 4)